Adequate & Equitable Funding

EdQuest Georgia

Overview

Policies must ensure an adequate funding level for all students that is distributed in a way that ensures equity.

Nationally, discussions and policies around funding formulas for K-12 systems are shifting from a focus on equal funding across districts to considerations of equity. The equity approach takes into account that it simply costs more to educate some students than others. For example, low-income students tend to start school academically behind, requiring additional academic supports, extra learning time, and potentially outside services related to social services or foster care.

Review of Georgia Landscape

Benchmarks

Education Week publishes an annual assessment of state education policy, including the area of school finance. Their analysis examines both education spending patterns and the equity in the distribution of funding across the districts with each state.


Education Week’s Quality Counts 2017

Education Week. 2017. "Quality Counts 2017 - Building on ESSA's K-12 Foundation." Education Week. January. hwww.edweek.org/ew/toc/2017/01/04/index.html

Georgia Compared to Top Five Performing States

In 2017, Georgia received a D+, placing the state 36th in the nation for K-12 finance policies taking into account overall funding levels and equity.

 

 

Georgia Compared to Southern Neighbors

  • Georgia ranks behind four of the other Southern states.

Education Week’s Quality Counts 2017

Education Week. 2017. "Quality Counts 2017 - Building on ESSA's K-12 Foundation." Education Week. January. www.edweek.org/ew/toc/2017/01/04/index.html

Georgia Post-Secondary Success Data— By the Numbers

Resources


International and National Benchmarking

 

Center on International Education Benchmarking: Equity

This site contains policy briefs based on best practice research of the world’s top-performing education systems.

 

Education Week 2017 Quality Counts

Education Week conducts an annual assessment of state education policy, including the area of school finance. This analysis examines both education spending patterns and the equity in the distribution of funding across the districts within each state.

 

The Urban Institute Profile of Debt in America

 

The Education Trust – The Education Trust is a nonprofit organization that promotes closing opportunity gaps by expanding excellence and equity in education for students of color and those from low-income families from pre-kindergarten through college. Through research and advocacy, the organization builds and engages diverse communities that care about education equity, increases political and public will to act on equity issues, and increases college access and completion for historically underserved students.

National Research and Resources

 

Education Commission of the States: An interstate compact on education policy

 

The Education Law Center

 

Bruce Baker’s Blog: School Finance 101

  • Bruce Baker is an economist who focuses on education.

 

Kirabo Jackson: Collection of Works

  • Kirabo Jackson is an education finance expert who has done several prominent studies on education funding.

 

EdBuild – Nonprofit organization researching fairness in state funding policies

  • FundED – Interactive web tool to aggregate and standardize information regarding education funding laws.

 

 

Excel in Ed: Education Funding Reform

 

Opportunities


Keep moving forward;
strong policies in place:

None at this time.

Proceed with caution;
policies need some work:

Pass funding reform legislation that allows for greater flexibility to target resources to district need.

Consider both equity and adequacy in funding decisions.

Alert! Policy missing
or needs immediate attention:

Conduct a study to determine actual costs associated with supporting student achievement, and use the results to guide state and district policy.

Provide districts resources to uniformly track expenditures to the school level.

Initiate a process to evaluate local school and district expenditures.